Month: October 2014

DENUNCIATION OF TERRORISM

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A MESSAGE FOR THE MUSLIM SYMPATHIZERS OF “MILITANT JIHAD” & “NAKED TERRORISM” IN THE NAME OF ISLAM

Islam came among a people – the “Pre-Islamic” Arabs, who had been languishing in their primitive ways since ancient times. Mostly, they were nomadic, who raided caravans for livelihood, remained locked in blood vendetta, buried the new born girl alive in shame and disgrace, had no notion of universal justice no civil liberties, and no scripture or moral code. The Quran totally revolutionized their way of life and transformed them into model of excellence: muttaqin (morally upright), muflihin (seeker of public welfare) sadiqin (the truthful), siddiqin (who are upright in bearing testimony), muhsinin (the compassionate), mutadabbirin (those who probe and investigate), sualihin (the righteous), quanitin (devout), ‘aamilin (those who act), sabirin (the patient), who under the leadership of the Prophet created a justly balanced community (2:143). And today, that same community has gained global fame for producing zalimin (wrong doers), mufsidin (perpetrators of violence), mujrimin (criminals), jahilin (ignorants), mu‘tadin (who commit excesses), mu‘ridin (obstinate), jabbarin (tyrants) and all kind of terror outfits.

We The Moderate Muslims, are now compelled to bring to the attention of our fellow Muslims, this pointed reminder in the form of “Denunciation of Terrorism, which is directed to all converted, fanatic, aggrieved, dispossessed, tyrannized or politically motivated Muslims and the impressionable and misguided Muslim youths, who may be exposed to radical ideas or literature and fascinated by the notion of Jihad and martydom. He/She must reflect and ponder over this denunciation, before giving in to the false call of “Holy War” and joining any of the so-called “Muslim Terrorist Organizations” or contemplating to perpetrate a terrorist act either on his own or as part of a group or cell.

Contrary to the Qur’anic injunctions, any individual, organized militants, groups, or sects, who claim to be the custodians of Islam cannot take law in their own hands to declare and commit acts of terror under the pretext of the so-called “Holy War”Jihad. In Islam, war is not holy. Islamic tradition does not have a notion of “Holy War” (al-harb al mugaddash), an expression never to be found in the Qur’an. Hence, all Muslims, regardless of what losses or suffering they may have borne during the recent invasions of Muslim lands and the West’s war on terror, must not play on the hands of the “Terrorists” and take their unlawful campaign as a Jihad (struggle) in the cause of God. War on terror is not a war on Islam. In broad historical perspective, it may be a war against those who are trying to reduce Islam to a cult, though as it happens many innocent people inevitably bear the brunt of wars.

The most brutal campaign of terror, which is unfolding before our eyes in different forms, from sectarian killing, suicide bombing at mosques and churches, blowing up girls schools, acid attacks on women, kidnapping of school girls, killing the Christians and Yazidis, all dissident fellow Muslims, beheading of journalists and posting of the gruesome barbaric acts on the Internet and storming airports, civil courts and Parliament houses,  is nothing but a viscous campaign to transmute the character of Islam from a religion of peace and enlightenment to a cult of bestial violence and “Naked Terrorism and “Ignorance” (Jahilliyah). In historical perspective, it is a grand conspiracy to take Islam back to the “Pre-Islamic” era, which is bound to fail as history’s clock cannot be set fourteen centuries backwards.

Witnessing with agonizing observation of the heinous crimes, which are being committed in the name of Islam, and the defection of ignorant, misguided, and radicalized Muslim youth to the “Terrorists” camp, we have decided not to remain silent any longer. Knowing quite well that the Qur’an is replete with verses that project Islam as a religion of peace and tolerance as its primary trajectory, we are hereby listing twenty-five (25) points drawn on the Quran for the misguided “Muslim Youths” to reflect and ponder upon, before any of them is misled by the false call of “Holy War” and tempted to join the “Muslim Terrorists Organizations.” 

Point No. 1Killing of an innocent person is declared haramor forbidden in three of the Qur’anic verses (6:151, 17:33, 25:68), and as grave a sin as killing entire humanity (5:32).

“ … We laid it down for the Children of Israel that whoever killed a human being
– except as a punishment for murder or for spreading corruption in the land –
shall be regarded as having killed all mankind, and that whoever saved a human
life shall be regarded as having saved all mankind. Our messengers came to
them with clear signs, but many of them continued to commit excess in the land. “

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 32

“Say (O, Muhammad to your people), Come! I will tell you what your Lord has
made mandatory (forbidden/binding) to you!”

“Do not associate anything with Him; be good to your parents; and do not kill your
children for fear of poverty – We shall provide sustenance for you as well as for
them – refrain from committing abomination, whether openly or in secret; and do
not kill the life which God has made sacred, except when lawful. That is what He
has enjoined upon you, so that you may use your reason.”

Surah: Al-An’am (The Cattle) – Chapter: 6 – Verse: 151

“Do not take life which God has made sacred – except when lawful. If anyone is
killed wrongfully, We have given authority to his heirs to demand retribution, but
let them not transgress the prescribed limits in exacting retribution; for surely,
then he (the victim) will be assisted [by the law].”

Surah: Al-Isra’ (The Night Journey) – Chapter: 17 – Verse: 33

“(Among the virtues of the Servants of God is that) they never invoke any other
deity besides God, nor take a life which God has made sacred, except when lawful,
nor commit adultery. Anyone who does that shall face punishment.”

        Surah: Al-Furqan (The Distinguisher) – Chapter: 25 – Verses: 68

Point No. 2 The Friday Congregation prayer is normally preceded by the recitation of the verse 16:90 which commands justice (‘adl), goodness, generosity and forbids the abominable, the evil, and terrorism (baghya).

“God commands justice, kindness and giving their (due to) near relatives/
fellowmen (qurba), and He forbids all evil deeds, injustice and transgression 
(terrorism). He admonishes you so that you make take mindful!”

Surah: Al-Nahl (Bees) – Chapter: 16 – Verse: 90

Point No. 3The Qur’an commands complete neutrality in justice whether it concerns “yourselves, or (your) parents or relatives, or the poor” (4:135) or “even those whom you may hate” (5:8).

“Believers, act steadfast as witnesses to justice for the sake of God, even though
it be against yourselves, your parents, or your kindred. Be they rich or poor, God
knows better about them both. Do not then, follow your own desires, lest you
swerve from justice. If you conceal the truth or evade it, then remember that God
is well aware of all that you do.”

Surah: Al-Nisa’ (Women) – Chapter: 4 – Verse: 135

“Believers, act steadfast in the cause of God as witness to justice and let not the
hatred of any people turn you away from justice. Deal justly; that is nearer to
being God-conscious. and heed God. God is informed of all that you do.”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 8

Point No. 4The Qur’an commands kindness to all mankind regardless of color, race, religion, nationality or any other distinction (4:36).

“Serve God, associate none with Him; be good to your parents, to relatives, to
orphans, to the needy, and the neighbor who is a kinsman, and the neighbor who
is not related to you and your companions and the wayfarers and to those under
your lawful trust. Surely, God does not like arrogant, and the conceited.”

Surah: Al-Nisa’ (Women) – Chapter: 4 – Verse: 36

Point No. 5The Qur’an does not furnish any example of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) or any of his followers coercing any single person to embrace Islam during the entire 23 year span of the revelation.

It is an incontestable fact that the Prophet was bitterly opposed, marginalized, reviled, harassed and even persecuted during the first 12 years of his Prophetic mission when he was based in Mecca (610 to 622).

“Remember when you were few in number and were accounted weak in the land,
ever fearing the onslaught of your enemies, He provided you with shelter, and
supported you with His help and provided you with good things, so that you might
be grateful.”

Surah: Al-Anfal (The Spoils of War) – Chapter: 8 – Verses: 26

Following his flight to Medina (622) he was the head of a minority Muslim community in peaceful alliance with its majority pagan tribes (622-630). So any question of his or his followers coercing any fellow Arab into Islam did not arise. The last two years (631-632) saw sharp change in the Qur’an’s tone but that was necessitated by the repeated violations of the peace treaty by the pagan tribes and the urgency to consolidate Islam before the imminent death of the Prophet (632). If any coercion was done, it was by way of divine threats couched in an awe-inspiring language with graphic description of punishments of hell that scared its Arab listeners as a lion scares the donkeys (74:49-51), and the poor Prophet is ignorantly blamed for spreading Islam with sword.

“Then what is wrong with them that they turn away from admonition [74:49] like
frightened donkeys [74:50] fleeing a lion.?” [74:51]

Surah: Al-Muddaththir (The Wrapped One) – Chapter: 74 – Verses: 49 – 51 

Point No. 6 The Qur’an testifies that the pagan wives of men who had converted to Islam were allowed to leave their husbands and join the community of pagans without facing any social pressure or coercion to embrace the faith of their husband (60:11-12).

“If any of your wives desert you to go over to the disbelievers, and you
subsequently have your turn, [by the coming over of a women from the other
side] give to those who have been deserted by their wives the equivalent of the
dowers they gave them. Heed God in whom you believe.” [60:11]

“O Prophet! When believing women come to you, let them pledge that they will not
associate anything with God, nor will they steal nor commit adultery nor kill their
children nor indulge in slander – deliberately inventing falsehoods, nor disobey you
in anything fair; then accept their pledge of allegiance and seek forgiveness and
for them from God. Indeed God is Forgiving and Merciful.” [60:12]

Surah: Al-Mumtahanah (She who is tested) – Chapter: 60 – Verse: 11 – 12

Point No. 7 – During the long Meccan period of trial and tribulations (Point 5 above) the Prophet and his followers were commanded to endure suffering patiently and forgive people (16:41-42, 42:40, 45:14), while in the Medinite period, they were commanded to shun hostility against erstwhile enemies (5:2). 

“…And let not the hatred of a people who (once) obstructed you from (entering the)
Sacred Mosque, lead you to be hostile.* Therefore, collaborate with each other for
virtue and heedfulness, and do not collaborate with each other in sin and enmity.
Heed God, and (remember), God is severe in punishment.”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 2

“Those who patiently seek the Countenance of their Lord, keep up prayer and spend
out of what We have provided them, secretly or publicly and repel evil with good –
such will attain the eternal life.”

Surah: Al-Ra’d (The Thunder) – Chapter: 13 – Verse: 22

“Those who emigrate in God’s cause after having been oppressed, We will surely give
them goodly abode in the world, and their reward in the Hereafter is even greater –
if only they (the oppressors) only knew [16:41]. (It is) they who have persevered in
patience and have put their trust in their Lord.” [16:42]

Surah: Al-Nahl (Bees) – Chapter: 16 – Verses: 41 – 42

“The recompense of an affliction (harm can be moral or physical) is a similar affliction,
but whoever pardons and reconciles will find his reward with God. Indeed He does
not love the wrongdoers. 

 Surah: Al-Shura (Mutual Consultation) – Chapter: 42 – Verse: 40

“Tell the believers that they should pardon those who do not hope for the coming
of the Days of God, seeing that He will recompense people for what they have
have earned.”

Surah: Al-Jathiyah (Kneeling) – Chapter: 45 – Verse: 14

Point No. 8 The first eight years of the Medinite period (622-629), the Muslims fought against attacking armies (Badr and Uhud battles, Trench war – 624, 625, 627) and finally entered into peace treaty with their hostile tribes under perilous conditions (Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, 628).

These are uncontested facts drawn on Qur’anic allusions to the noted events which demonstrate that until the Peace treaty was signed (628), the Prophet must have been constantly under threat of attack and risk of extinction as his pagan enemies were far too powerful; so any question of his coercing any pagan to embrace Islam over this period does not arise. (There are scores of verses on the theme, not quoted to avoid burdening the readers.) 

Point No. 9 Two of the Jewish tribes of Medina who had actively conspired with the hypocrites were exiled without any persecution or torture while some of the members of a third Jewish tribe were executed and expelled from Medina for their uncompromising treachery and breach of peace treaty

While these obviously entailed violence, they were not aimed at converting the Jews to Islam and were dictated purely by political considerations and were soft in historical relativism as the prevalent Mosaic Law prescribed massacre of the entire community for high treason they committed. Although the classical historians claim massacre of some 800-900 adults of the Jewish tribe of Banu Quraiza, the figure is highly exaggerated as only four names are mentioned and the entire episode is narrated in only one paragraph of the earliest biography of the Prophet (by Ibn Ishaq) that all later biographers have used as their primary source material.

Point No. 10 Mecca was integrated (630) without striking a blow. God withheld the hands of the Meccans from the Muslims and the hands of the Muslims from the Meccans (48:24) and God imposed on the Muslims the Word of restraint (taqawa), as they were entitled to it and worthy of it (48:26).

“It is He who withheld their hands from you, and your hands from them in the
valley of Makkah, after giving you victory over them. God sees what you do.”
[48:24]

“(As the Muslims began to enter Mecca) the most fanatic among the unbelievers
(Meccan pagans) conceived the fanaticism of the days of ignorance – God sent
divine peace upon His Messenger and on the believers, and imposed on them
the Word of restraint (taqawa), as they were entitled to it and worthy of it. Indeed,
God has full knowledge of all things. (48:26).

Surah: Al-Fatha (Victory) – Chapter: 48 – Verses: 24 & 26

Point No. 11The Qur’an is explicit that God alone will judge all humanity including the polytheists, the Sabians and the Magians (22:17) on the Day of Judgment and expressly forbids any compulsion in religion (2:256, 10:99, 50:45, 88:21-22).

Those who believe, and those who are Jews, and the Sabeans, the Christians,
the Magians and the polytheists – God will judge between them on the Day of
Judgment. Surely God is witness to everything.”

Surah: Al-Hajj (The Pilgrimage) – Chapter: 22 – Verse: 17

 “There shall be no compulsion in religion: true guidance has become distinct from
error. Therefore, anyone who refuses to be led by Satan and believes in God has
grasped the strong handhold that will never break.”

  Surah: Al-Baqara (The Heifer) – Chapter: 2 – Verse: 256

 “If your Lord so willed, all the people on earth would have believed, all together.
So will you then [O Muhammad] compel people to become believers?”

Surah: Jonah (Yunus) – Chapter: 10 – Verse: 99

We know best what those who deny the truth say; but you [O Muhammad] are not
there to force them: so remind, with this Quran, those who fear My Warning.”

Surah: Qaf (Qaf) – Chapter: 50 – Verse: 45

“So, remind [them O Muhammad]. You are only to remind [88:21] and have no power
over them.” [88:12]

Surah: Al-Ghashiyah (The Overwhelming Event) – Chapter: 88 – Verses: 21 – 22

Point No. 12 The Qur’an incorporates a mercy clause “But whoever (forgives as a gesture of) charity, this is the expiation for him” (5:45) after pronouncing like for like punishment as prescribed in the Mosaic Law.

“ … We prescribed for them in [the Torah]: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose
for a nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and a wound for a wound. But, if
anyone forgoes it, this shall be for him an expiation. Those who do not judge by
what God has sent down are wrongdoers!”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 45

Point No. 13 – The Qur’an brought the “Pre-Islamic” custom of blood vendetta to an end by introducing a law of compensation for loss of life which has this mercy and forgiveness clause: “But if any from the family (of the deceased) pardon him (the offender), then he (the offender) follow this up with something appropriate (as compensation), and execute (the same) in a good gesture. This is a Concession and Mercy from your Lord (2:178-179).”

“You who believe, compensation for (anyone) killed has been prescribed for you:
the free for the free; the slave for the slave; the female for the female. But if any
from the family (of the deceased) pardon him (the offender), then he (the offender)
should follow this up with something appropriate (as compensation), and execute
(the same) in a good gesture. This is a Concession and Mercy from your Lord.
Anyone who exceeds the limits after this shall have painful torment. [2:178]. There
is (security of) life in this (law of) compensation – O you prudent, that you may
heed” [2:179].

 Surah: Al-Baqara (The Heifer) – Chapter: 2 – Verse: 178 – 179

Point No. 14 The Qur’an warns those who oppress innocent civilians and wreak terror (yabghyuna) on earth of severe punishment (42:42-43).

“Blame falls only on those who wrong men and transgress on this earth without
justification – such will have a painful punishment.” [42:42] But whoever is
patient and forgiving, acts with great courage and resolution. [42:43]

Surah: Al-Shura (Mutual Consultation) – Chapter: 42 – Verse: 42 – 43

Point No. 15 – The Qur’an commands to repel evil with good (23:96, 41:34-35). It also warns humanity against his restlessness (in pursuit of glory and gain) but approves of those “who believe and do good deeds, and exhort to truth, and exhort to patience” (103:3).

“Repel evil with that which is good. Indeed We are aware of what they are working
(in their minds).”

Surah: Al-Mu’minun (The Believers) – Chapter: 23 – Verse: 96

Goodness and evil are not equal. Therefore, return the latter with that which is good,
and then the one between you and whom there was enmity will indeed become your
close friend [41:34]. None is granted this except those who are patient; and none is
is granted this except the very fortunate” [41:35].

Surah: Al-Fussilat (Revelations Well Expounded) – Chapter: 41 – Verse: 34 –35

“By Time (as it passes) [103:1] surely man remains a looser [103:2], except for those
who believe and do good deeds and exhort one another to hold fast to the Truth,
and who exhort one another to patience.” [103:3]

Surah: Al-Asr (The Passage of Time) – Chapter: 103 – Verse: 1 – 3

 Point No. 16 – The Qur’an forbids usurping other’s properties and driving people out of their homes (2:188).

“Do not consume one another’s property by unjust means, nor offer it as a bribe
to the authorities, so that you may deliberately and wrongfully devour a part of
other people’s wealth.”

Surah: Al-Baqara (The Heifer) – Chapter: 2 – Verse: 188

Point No. 17 – The Qur’an grants peace and security at home without being disturbed by any intruder and entitles people to temporarily live in the houses of a near of kin (24:27-28, 24:61).

“You who believe, do not enter houses, except your own homes, until you have
taken permission, and invoke peace upon their occupants. This is better for you,
that you may be mindful [24:27]; and if you find no one home, do not go in until
you are given permission; and if you are told to go away, go away. This is
appropriate for you. (Remember) God is cognizant of what you do.” [24:28]

“There is no harm if the blind, the lame, the sick or you yourselves eat in your own
houses, or in the houses of your fathers, or mothers, or brothers, or sisters, or
paternal uncles, or paternal aunts, or maternal uncles, or maternal aunts, or in those
that you are in charge of, or in the house of a sincere friend of yours. There is no 
blame in your eating together or separately. But when you enter houses, salute one  
another with a greeting of peace, a greeting from your Lord full of blessings and 
purity. Thus God clarify the messages to you, so that you may understand.” [24:61]

Surah: Al-Nur (Light) – Chapter: 24 – Verses: 27 – 28 & 61

Point No. 18 – The Qur’an calls for engaging legal professional to guide the court in the way of truth and justice and it does not admit of any arbitrary punishment (7:159 & 181).

“And among the people of Moses there is a community who guide (others) in the
way of truth and do justice thereby.” [7:159]

“Among those that We have created, there is a community who guide (others) in the
way of truth and do justice thereby.” [7:181]

Surah: Al A’raf (The Heights) – Chapter: 7 – Verses: 159 & 181

Point No. 19 – The Qur’an calls for safe asylum of civilians caught in war (9:6).

“If any one of the polytheists seeks asylum with you, grant him asylum so that he
may hear the word of God; then convey him to a place of safety (so that he may
not be harmed on the way). This is because they are a people who have no
knowledge.”

Surah: Al-Tawbah (Repentance) – Chapter: 9 – Verse: 6

Point No. 20 – God does not love the terrorists – those who rampage through the land destroying sources of life and human generations (2:204-205) and causing violence (28:77) and has denied them Paradise [28:77 & 83].

“There is a kind of man whose views on the affairs of this life may please you. He
even calls on God to witness what is in his heart, yet he is the most contentious
of enemies [2:204]. Whenever he prevails, he rampages through the land causing
violence (fasad) in it, destroying crops and cattle, for God does not love those who 
cause anarchy (mufsidin).” [2:205]

Surah: Al-Baqara (The Heifer) – Chapter: 2 – Verse: 204-205

“Do good (to others) as God has done good to you (out of His pure grace). Do not
seek violence (fasad) in the land, for God does not love those who cause violence
(mufsidin).” [28:77]

As for the Paradise (literally abode of the Hereafter), We will assign it to those who
do not seek tyrannical power (‘uluwwa) on earth nor cause violence (fasad) – the
final destiny is for the God-conscious (muttaqin)” [28:83]

Surah: Al-Qasas (The Story) – Chapter: 28 – Verse: 77 & 83

Point No. 21 – As the revelation was coming to a close after a transitional period of intense struggle and hostility, the Qur’an acknowledges the Christians and Jews as people of faith (5:44-47).

“We revealed the Torah, in which there is a guidance and light. By it the prophets
who were obedient to Us judged the Jews, and so did the rabbis and the priests,
according to God’s book which had been entrusted to their care, and to which they
were witnesses. Have no fear of man. fear Me, and do not sell My revelations for a
paltry sum. Those who do not judge by what God has sent down are deniers of truth.”
[5:44]

“We prescribed for them in [the Torah]: a life for a life, an eye for an eye, a nose for a
nose, an ear for an ear, a tooth for a tooth, and a wound for a wound. But, if anyone  .
forgoes it, this shall be expiation for him. (Remember,) those who do not judge by what
what God has sent down are wrongdoers!” [5:45]

“We caused Jesus, son of Mary to follow in their footsteps, fulfilling what had been
revealed before him in the Torah. We gave him the Gospel, which contains guidance
and light, fulfulling what was revealed before it in the Torah, a guide and an admonition
to the God fearing.” [5:46]

“Therefore, let those who follow the Gospel judge according to what God has revealed
in it. Those who do not judge by what God has sent down are deviants (fasiqun).” [5:47]

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 44 – 47

Point No. 22 – In its closing phase, the Qur’an puts all humanity on a level religious plane (5:48, 49:13) by subjecting them to the ultimate command to vying with each other in goodness (5:48) and cultivating moral excellence (taqwa) (49:13).

“We have sent down the Book to you with the truth, confirming (musaddiqal) what
remains with them (of the previous scriptures) and determining what is true in
it. Judge, therefore, between them by what God has revealed, and do not follow
their whims after what has come to you of the truth. To every one of you We have
ordained a law and a way, and had God so willed, He would have made you all a
single community, but He did not so will, in order that He might try you by what
He has given you. Vie, then, with one another in doing good and righteous deeds;
(Remember, you) all will return to God, and He will tell you in what you differed.”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 48

“O Mankind! We have created you from a male and female, and set you up as nations
and tribes so you may recognize [and cooperate with] one another. The noblest among
you in God’s sight is the one who is the most heedful (of his commitment to the divine
commandments) and who best performs his duty (to serve mankind). Indeed, God is
All-Knowing and All-Aware.

Surah: Al-Hujurat (The Apartments) – Chapter: 49 – Verse: 13

Point No. 23 – Good deeds is virtually the bedrock of the Qur’anic message and sole criteria of divine Judgment for all believers regardless of religion (2:62, 4:124, 5:69, 22:17, 64:9, 65:11). There are many more verses exhorting humanity to engage in good and lawful deeds and proclaiming its primary in religion, only a few listed below (3:57, 5:9, 11:23, 34:4, 96:4-6).

“The believers, the Jews, the Christians, and the Sabeans – all those who believe
in God and the Last Day and do good deeds – will be rewarded by their Lord; they
shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve.”

Surah: Al-Baqara (The Heifer) – Chapter: 2 – Verse: 62

“Anyone who does good deeds, whether it be a man or woman, provided that
he is a believer, shall enter Paradise. No one shall suffer the least injustice.”

Surah: Al-Nisa’ (Women) – Chapter: 4 – Verse: 125

“Believers, Jews, Sabaeans and Christians – whoever believes in God and the Last
Day and does what is right – shall have nothing to fear nor shall they grieve.”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 69

“When He shall gather you all for the Day of Gathering, that will be the Day of loss
and gain; and whoever believes in God and does good deeds shall be forgiven their
sins and admitted to Gardens through which stream flows, where they shall dwell
forever. That is the supreme triumph.” [64:9] “But those who denied the truth and
rejected our signs shall be the inmates of the Fire, there to remain – what an evil
destination!” [64:10]

Surah: Al-Taghabun (Loss and Gain) – Chapter: 64 – Verses: 9 – 10

“A messenger conveys to you God’s clear messages, so that he might lead those
who believe and do good deeds, out of darkness into light. God will admit those
who believe in Him and do good deeds into Gardens watered by streams, where
they will remain forever. God has indeed made excellent provisions for them.”

Surah: Al-Talaq (Divorce) – Chapter: 65 – Verses: 11

“Indeed We have created human being in the finest model (ahsani taqwim); but
then We debased him to the lowest of the low – except those who believe and
do good deeds: theirs is a reward unending.”

Surah: Al-Alaq (The Clot)  – Chapter: 96 – Verses: 4 – 6

“Those who believe and do good deeds and feel humble before their Lord – it
is they (who are) the inmates of the garden, and they will remain there.”

Surah: Hud (The Messenger) – Chapter 11 – Verse: 23

“He will reward those who believe and do good deeds: it is these that shall have
forgiveness and a noble provision.”

Surah: Saba’ (Sheba) – Chapter: 34 – Verse: 4

“As for those who believe and do good deeds, He will grant them their reward in
full. (Remember,) God does not love the wrongdoers.”

Surah: Al-Im’ran (The Family of ‘Imran) – Chapter: 3 – Verse: 57

“God has promised those who believe and do good deeds that they shall have
forgiveness and a great reward.”

Surah: Al-Ma’idah (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 9

Point No. 24The Qur’an enjoins “Mutual Consultation” for deciding community matters (42:36-38) and espouses a universal brotherhood of humanity divided in diverse group. Quran’s message can interpreted to accommodate the notion of independent states each running on democratic lines within the moral paradigms of the Qur’an.

“Whatever you have been given is only a temporary provision of this life, but that
which is with God is better and more lasting for those who believe and put their
trust in their Lord; [42:36] who refrain from heinous sins and gross indecencies;
who forgive when they are angry; [42:37] who respond to their Lord and attend to 
their prayers; who conduct their affairs by mutual consultation (shura) and spend 
out of what We have provided for them.” [42:38]

Surah: Al-Shura (Mutual Consultation) – Chapter 42 – Verse: 36 – 39

Point No. 25 – The notion of a pan-Islamic state transcending geographical and civilizational barriers is absurd and inconsistent with the Qur’anic message on the following grounds:

a. The Qur’an is completely silent about the political, civil, financial, or military administration that go with a state.

b. It holds humans directly responsible for their deeds regardless of the state of civilization and the political structure of his community (tribe, sect, state) [5:105].

“O you who believe! Upon you (rests the responsibility of) your souls; therefore
the misguided can do you no harm if you are guided (unless you are coerced in
which case you are not blame worthy). To God is the return of all of you, and He
will let you know (the truth of) all that you were doing.”

Surah: Al-Ma’ida (The Table) – Chapter: 5 – Verse: 105

c. The Qur’an repeatedly calls for using intellect (aql) and acquiring knowledge (ilm) anyone with an iota of intellect or a grain of knowledge will know that any notion of a unified Islamic polity covering territories inexorably set apart by geographical barriers (land mass, sea, mountain, desert, forest, barren lands etc.) and populated by people of diverse culture, customs and tongue is simply absurd.

In other words, the Qur’an does not prescribe any political model for the governance of human society and leaves humans to evolve the system of governance best suited for their era. Its emphasis on justice, liberty, good deeds, its priority on peace and security and other social, humanistic and liberating trajectories (use of reason, freedom of choice, consultation for example) are, however, largely consistent with present day secular democracy.

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